He was also an accurate weather-vane on the quality of my work, whose judgment I quickly learned to trust and respect.Last but not least, when and I went to Arizona, to the Hopi Nation, it was Ed who came with us and who opened the way.3 - Piri Reis could not have acquired his information on this latter region from contemporary explorers because Antarctica remained undiscovered until AD 1818, more than 300 years after he drew the map.4 - The ice-free coast of Queen Maud Land shown in the map is a colossal puzzle because the geological evidence confirms that the latest date it could have been surveyed and charted in an ice-free condition is 4000 BC. The period lasted from about 13000 BC to 4000 BC according, for example, to the findings of Dr Jack Hough of Illinois University, supported by experts at the Carnegie Institution, Washington DC. Weiphaupt, a University of Colorado specialist in seismology and gravity and planetary geology, is another who supports the view of a relatively late ice-free period in at least parts of Antarctica.Finally I want to pay tribute to Ignatius Donnelly, Arthur Posnansky, R. Schwaller de Lubicz, Charles Hapgood and Giorgio de Santillana investigators who saw that something was badly wrong with the history of mankind, who had the courage to speak out against intellectual adversity, and who pioneered the momentous paradigm shift that is now irrevocably under way.6 July 1960 SUBJECT: Admiral Piri Reis World Map To: Professor Charles H. Dear Professor Hapgood, Your request for evaluation of certain unusual features of the of 1513 by this organization has been reviewed.In addition I would like to thank my Anglophone editors on both sides of the Atlantic, Tom Weldon at Heinemann, Jim Wade at Crown and John Pearce at Doubleday Canada, as well as my literary agents Bill Hamilton and Sara Fisher, for their continuing commitment, solidarity and wise counsel.
My parents, Donald and Muriel Hancock, have been incredibly helpful, active and involved through this and many other difficult times and projects.The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. Conventional wisdom has it that the Antarctic ice-cap, in its present extent and form, is millions of years old.We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513. On closer examination, this notion turns out to be seriously flawedso seriously that we need not assume the map drawn by Admiral Piri Reis depicts Queen Maud Land as it looked millions of years in the past.5 - It is not possible to pinpoint the earliest date that such a task could have been accomplished, but it seems that the Queen Maud Land littoral may have remained in a stable, unglaciated condition for at least 9000 years before the spreading ice-cap swallowed it entirely. Together with a number of other geologists, he places that period in a narrower band than Hough et 7000 BC to 4000 BC.In other words, the true enigma of this 1513 map is not so much its inclusion of a continent not discovered until 1818 but its portrayal of part of the coastline of that continent under ice-free conditions which came to an end 6000 years ago and have not since recurred. obligingly gives us the answer in a series of notes written in his own hand on the map itself.